Sailors in the United States Navy must be fit and ready to serve at all times. Sailors are tested twice a year on their flexibility, muscular endurance and aerobic fitness. The test consists of a run or a swim, sit-ups and push-ups. Each completed test receives a score, and the scores of the three tests are averaged together. Every sailor must meet a minimum score in order to finish basic training, then to remain active.
All Navy men and women must complete a 1.5-mile run. By the end of boot camp, men ages 17 to 19 should complete the run in 12 minutes 30 seconds; men ages 20 to 24 in 13:30; men 25 to 29 in 14:00; and men over 30 in 14:30. Women up to 19 years of age should complete the run in 15 minutes or less; women ages 20 to 24 in 15:30; women 25 to 29 in 16:08; and women over 30 in 16:45.
The youngest navy sailors, men and women, have one minute to do 50 sit-ups. Those 20 to 24 years old must complete 46 sit-ups in the same time frame; 25-to-29 year olds must do 43 sit-ups, while the oldest sailors are required to do 40 sit-ups.
Men ages 17 to 19 have one minute to finish 42 push-ups, while women must do 19 push-ups; men ages 20 to 24 must do 37 push-ups, women of the same age must do 16; men ages 25 to 29 are required to do 34 push-ups, while women are required to do 13; and men over 30 must do 31 push-ups, while the women must do 11.
Sailors already on active duty have the option of completing a 500-yard swim instead of the run. They receive points toward their overall fitness score based on the time it takes to complete the swim.
Another low-impact alternative to the run for active sailors is the elliptical test. According to Top End Sports, this is a 12-minute test, during which sailors have to burn as many calories as possible. The total calorie output is converted into a run time, which is then compared to the standard run performance charts. This test is reserved for sailors for whom the impact of running would cause too much risk for injury. The test must be approved by a commander.
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