List of Purine Rich Foods

by Jill Corleone, RDN, LD

About Jill Corleone, RDN, LD

Jill Corleone is a registered dietitian and health coach who has been writing and lecturing on diet and health for more than 15 years. Her work has been featured on the Huffington Post, Diabetes Self-Management and in the book "Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation," edited by John R. Bach, M.D. Corleone holds a Bachelor of Science in nutrition.

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Overview

Purine is a nucleoprotein found in almost all foods, according to Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy. Uric acid is created from the metabolism of purines. People with gout have a disorder of purine metabolism causing high levels of uric acid to build-up in the blood. The uric acid crystallizes and settles into the joints causing swelling and pain. If you suffer from gout, your doctor may suggest you limit your intake of purine-rich foods.

Foods With A High Purine Content

Dietary intake of purines has little effect on blood levels of uric acid, and a purine restricted diet is usually only recommended during an acute attack of gout to prevent additional uric acid build-up to the already high blood levels, says Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy. High purine content foods contain 100 to 1,000 milligram of purine per 100 gram serving. If you are suffering from an acute gout attack, you should avoid any high purine foods. Such foods include anchovies, bouillon, brains, consomme, goose, gravy, heart, herring, kidney, mackerel, meat extracts, mincemeat, mussels, partridge, roe, sardines, scallops, sweetbreads and yeast.

Animal Proteins with a Moderate Purine Content

Animal proteins are the primary source of purines in the diet. If you have an acute gout attack you should limit your intake of animal proteins to 4 to 6 ounces a day. Purine-rich animal proteins include beef, lamb, tuna, shrimp, scallops, lobster, chicken, turkey and pork. Moderate purine foods contain 9 to 100 milligrams of purine per 100 grams of food.

Vegetables with a Moderate Purine Content

Some vegetables also contain moderate amounts of purine, with 9 to 100 milligrams per 100 grams of food. These vegetables include asparagus, dried beans, lentils, mushrooms, dried peas and spinach. During an acute attack, moderate purine vegetables should be limited to one 1/2 cup serving a day. If you are asked to follow a low purine diet to manage your gout you should limit your purine intake to 600 to 1,000 milligrams a day, says "Krause's Food, Nutrition and Diet Therapy." During an acute attack, it is advised you limit your purine intake to 100 to 150 milligrams a day.

References (2)

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This article reflects the views of the writer and does not necessarily reflect the views of Jillian Michaels or JillianMichaels.com.